Learning to swim freestyle can be an exciting and rewarding experience, but it can also be a bit overwhelming for beginners. However, with the right guidance and some practice, anyone can master the freestyle swimming technique. In this article, we will guide you through the basic steps of freestyle swimming strokes to help you develop a solid foundation.

What is Freestyle Swimming?

Freestyle swimming, also known as the front crawl, is a technique where you move through the water by alternating your arms and legs in a fluid motion. It’s a popular and versatile way to improve cardiovascular health, build muscles, and increase endurance. Plus, it’s a low-impact sport, making it perfect for those with joint pain or other physical limitations.

Swimming freestyle also has mental health benefits, as it’s a great way to reduce stress, promote relaxation, and improve mood. It’s an easy-to-learn stroke that can be practiced in a variety of settings, including pools, lakes, and the ocean. So why not give it a try and experience all the benefits that freestyle swimming has to offer?

How to Swim Freestyle?

Learning how to swim freestyle is easier than you might think! Here are the basic steps:

  1. Start by standing in the shallow end of the pool and practice the kicking motion with a kickboard. This will help you to build up the strength in your legs and get used to the motion.
  2. Once you’re comfortable with the kicking motion, it’s time to add in the arm strokes. Start by practicing the arm strokes one at a time, alternating between your left and right arms.
  3. As you get more comfortable with the arm strokes, try to combine them with the kicking motion. Remember to keep your body as straight as possible and breathe regularly. Exhale underwater and inhale as you turn your head to the side.
  4. Finally, practice putting everything together – kicking, arm strokes, and breathing. Take it slow and go at your own pace. With a little practice, you’ll soon be swimming freestyle like a pro!

Preparatory Exercises:

Before you start learning the freestyle swimming technique, it’s important to do a few preparatory exercises to help you become comfortable in the water. Don’t worry if you’re not confident in the water yet, these exercises will help you build up your comfort level in no time!

First, we suggest practicing floating on your back. This might feel a little weird at first, but it’s a great way to relax in the water and get used to the feeling of weightlessness. Plus, it’s a great way to take a breather and catch your breath if you’re feeling tired during your swim.

Another exercise you can do is practice blowing bubbles underwater and holding your breath. This might sound a little silly, but it’s a crucial step in developing confidence in the water. As you blow bubbles, you’ll start to realize that you can breathe comfortably even when your face is in the water.

Remember, the most important thing when learning to swim is to take your time and go at your own pace. Don’t be afraid to ask for help or take breaks if you need to. With a little practice, you’ll be freestyle swimming like a pro in no time!

Basic movement technique

Step 1: Floating

Before you begin swimming, it is important to learn how to float on your stomach. To do this, lie on your stomach with your arms stretched out in front of you, and your legs extended behind you. Take a deep breath and let your body relax while you float on the water’s surface. Remember to keep your head in line with your body and your face in the water.

Step 2: Kicking

Once you have learned to float, it’s time to start kicking. The freestyle kick technique involves kicking your legs from your hips, keeping them relatively straight with pointed toes. Make sure your legs are together and kick from your hips, keeping your knees relatively straight. Keep your feet pointed, and your toes should be just under the water’s surface.

Step 3: Arm movement

Now that you have learned the basics of floating and kicking, it’s time to add arm movement. To do this, start with your arms extended in front of you and your hands slightly cupped. Pull one arm down towards your hip and push the other arm forward above the water, switching arms and repeating the motion as you move forward.

Freestyle Kick Technique

The freestyle kick is an essential part of the freestyle swimming technique. To perform the kick correctly, follow these steps:

  1. Start in a horizontal position, face down in the water, with your legs together.
  2. Bend your knees slightly and keep your feet close together.
  3. Begin to kick your legs up and down in a rapid, fluttering motion.
  4. Keep your toes pointed and your ankles loose.
  5. Make sure to kick from your hips, not your knees.
  6. Practice the kick slowly at first, then gradually increase your speed.

Freestyle Drills for Beginners

To help you perfect your freestyle swimming technique, there are a few drills that you can do to practice. Here are some of the most effective ones for beginners:

  1. One-Arm Freestyle: This drill involves swimming freestyle using only one arm at a time, while the other arm remains at your side. This will help you to focus on your arm movement and improve your balance and coordination.
  2. Kickboard Drills: Holding onto a kickboard while kicking your legs can help you to develop a strong and efficient flutter kick.
  3. Catch-Up Drill: This drill involves swimming freestyle, but instead of alternating arms, you keep one arm out in front of you until the other arm reaches it. This will help you to develop a longer and more efficient stroke.

Final tips

• Keep your head in line with your body to maintain a straight spine

• Breathe in through your mouth when your face is out of the water and breathe out through your nose or mouth when your face is in the water.

• Maintain a steady pace and avoid thrashing around in the water.

• Practise regularly to improve your technique and build endurance.

• Remember to take breaks if you get tired or need to catch your breath.


In conclusion, learning freestyle swimming techniques can be a fun and rewarding experience. With these basic steps and some practice, you’ll soon be gliding through the water like a pro. Remember to take your time, be patient with yourself, and have fun. Happy swimming!

Guest article.

The above may not coincide with the methodology and opinion of the SwimRight Academy Team.


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